exonym /EK-soh-nim/. noun. A place name or name given to a group of people by someone outside that place or group and not used by them. For instance, Germany is an exonym for Deutschland. Often exonyms are pejorative, or come to be so—or are perceived so by the named group—such as the Romani preferring that name to (the originally Egyptian) exonym Gypsy. See also: xenonym and ethnonym.
Some commonly used exonyms (by English speakers): Moscow for Москва/Moskva, Turkey for Türkiye, India for Bharat, Prague for Praha, Lapp for Saami, and Mecca for Makkha.